Most of the larger memorials and sculptures you see will have begun life as a maquette, or scale model. This enables the architect or artist to refine their ideas and others, such as funders or memorial committees, to approve the design before construction begins on the full-scale memorial.
Maquettes can also be used to increase awareness and inspire people when seeking to raise funds to pay for the construction of a new memorial.
Sometimes these maquettes survive and they can be very interesting objects in their own right. On display at Imperial War Museum, London, is Lutyens’ original scale model for the Cenotaph. The model is constructed from wood, painted plasticine and tin foil.